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Regularly changing a vehicle’s engine oil and filter is one of the most important periodic maintenance tasks every motorist should do to keep the vehicle running well for a very long time.

Buy the Right Oil and Oil Filter
Confirm the right motor oil and oil filter unit to best fit the car requirements. To do so, one must secure the following information: car’s engine displacement size and car’s year, make, and model, and car’s oil type. Following carmaker recommendations for oil viscosity is always the best route to avoid engine damage and poor car performance. It is best to buy a quality filter rated to go the distance as the oil.

Gather Tools and Equipment
Before even opening the hood for a change oil, one should always make sure to have all the necessary supplies and equipment within reach. Aside from the oil and filter, one must prepare the following: oil wrench fitting the diameter of the filter to make removing the old filter easily, especially when unscrewing by hand won’t cut it; socket wrench to unscrew the drain plug; funnel to transport oil; drain pan or old bucket to collect used oil; newspaper to catch any spilled oil outside the pan; rubber gloves to protect the hands from hot surfaces; and oil rags or paper towels to wipe off drips and help clean hands.

One should also invest on a jack and jack stand, car ramp, or a safe and secure set of blocks or wheel ramps to elevate the car’s front off the ground and give more room to work underneath the car. Additional tools may be needed in the case of some vehicles that require removing the top or bottom panels for the change oil.

Warm Up the Engine
Warm up the engine for 5 to 10 minutes to allow sludge to move out of the engine easier. Don’t keep the car running for too long to prevent the oil from getting too hot. If the oil gets too hot, wait for about 30 minutes to avoid getting burned.

Raise the Car
With the car parked on a flat surface and the parking break engaged, put the car ramp or wheel ramps in front of the front wheels accordingly. Alternatively, locate the jacking points and jack up the car using a jack stand. As additional security measure, put wheel blocks or tire restraints on the rear tires. Apply enough force by rocking the vehicle to test its safety while raised.

Drain the Oil
Spread newspaper out on top of the drain pan placed underneath the engine, specifically under the oil drain plug. Always exercise precaution when working underneath the car, especially with the engine and exhaust that may still be very hot. Loosen the lone bolt of the oil drain plug by turning it counterclockwise using a socket wrench. When still not familiar with this part, verify that it is really the engine oil drain plug and not the transmission drain plug by checking the manual and looking for a flat metal pan closer to the engine than the transmission.

Wear rubber gloves and manually unscrew the loosened plug as quickly as possible to give way to the stream of oil for draining and minimize spill. The draining process usually takes about 10 minutes. Once oil stops dripping, reinstall the drain plug by hand, then tighten with a quarter turn clockwise using a wrench.

Remove and Replace the Oil Filter
Oil filters come in different varieties depending on car specifications. These include self-contained units that can be simply unscrewed by hand and those made of paper that slides out after unscrewing a cap. Look for the oil filter, a Coke can-sized object that is usually found under the hood, but at sometimes foun beneath the car. Move the drain pan underneath the oil filter before unscrewing the oil filter for replacement counterclockwise, as more oil may still come out from it. If it’s difficult to remove, one may need an oil filter removal tool. To avoid oil spill while removing the filter, wrap a small plastic bag around the filter to catch any oil that escapes as you remove it.

After allowing the opening to drain completely, wipe off the opening using paper towel or oil rug. Smear some of the new motor oil along the rim of the new oil filter by dabbing a finger to it, ideally while still wearing gloves, as this lubricates the gasket and prevents sticking, cracking or causing oil leak by creating a reliable seal for the new filter. Putting a small amount of oil into the filter itself prior to installation also reduces the amount of time the car takes to regain proper oil. Skip this step if using paper filter. Replace the filter and manually tighten the seal. Wipe off both the filter and pan after oil filter replacement.

Refill the Oil
Once everything underneath the car is sealed and secure, remove the oil cap from the top of your car, place a funnel inside the fill hole, and refill the tank’s oil based on the manual’s specified amount and grade of motor oil. Most oil jugs provide a measure on their handle to confirm how much oil is left. If the filter is mounted vertically, filling with oil may reach almost up to the top. If the filter is mounted at an angle, a minimal amount of oil will spill just prior to spinning the filter on. It is good to hold the bottle with the spout on top so oil pours more smoothly without bubbling. Replace the fill cap, tighten all parts, making sure there are no loose tools and leaking issues. Wipe off any spills to prevent burning oil smell.

Test the Car and Record Information
Get the car off the jacks. Start the engine for a minute to allow the new motor oil to circulate thoroughly. Turn off engine and allow the oil to settle for 5 to 10 minutes to check oil levels by pulling out and cleaning the dipstick, the putting it back and removing it once more to see how much oil there is inside. It is worth noting that in cases when the engine has just run, one can’t always rely on the dipstick for accurate measurement, as some oil may still be in the galleries. Check the odometer to record the distance the car should run before next oil change and list down the date to also serve as basis for the next oil change.

Dispose the Used Oil in an Approved Facility
Since dumping car motor oil in an unapproved area is often illegal, and more importantly, is a serious environmental concern, pour the oil from the drain pan to a secure container and bring this to any auto parts store, gas station, or oil-recycling center for proper oil disposal.


Motoring Guide: How to Change Car Oil, DIY-style
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Check the official website for more Las Vegas Monorail information

Value
Cleanliness
Management/Service
Style/Location
Amenities/Perks
Food/Drinks
Points of Interest
Average

The Las Vegas Monorail allows tourists to experience the famed Las Vegas Strip in as little as $5. Its speed is just right to have the eyes feasting on the magnificent lights and structures in this bustling tourist destination from a different vantage point.

Aside from being a very fast, environment-friendly, and practical alternative to taxi and shuttle rides, this strategically located, state-of-the-art transportation system lets the tourists enjoy the sight of the city from above the ground — without the traffic and at the fraction of the cost of a car rental. Even for locals, it has its own benefits as well.

Cost-efficient Transportation

Aside from the single-ride ticket for $5, a 24-Hour Pass for $12, Two-Day Pass for $22, Three-day Pass for $28, Four-Day Pass for $36, Five-Day Pass for $43, Seven-Day Pass for $56 are also available. These rates are updated as of April 2015. Check out for promo codes from various Las Vegas travel and tourism platforms to take advantage of an even cheaper monorail cost.

Nevadans enjoy discounted tickets available at all customer service booths upon presentation of a valid Nevada driver’s license, a State of Nevada government-issued identification card, or a Nevada Sheriff’s Card. The local fare for residents is only $1 per ride with a maximum purchase of two single-ride tickets per person per day.

Convenient Monorail Stops + Free Shuttles

Monorail riders don’t need to worry about city traffic or spend much with car rentals and high fuel consumption when dining, shopping, gambling, and enjoying entertainment venues both on and off the Las Vegas Strip.

The monorail arrives every 4 to 9 minutes at the seven monorail stations along Las Vegas Boulevard. People can explore every stop and take advantage of the free sites in each hotel station: MGM Grand; Bally’s/Paris Las Vegas; Flamingo/Caesars Palace; Harrah’s/The LINQ; Las Vegas Convention Center; Westgate Las Vegas; and the SLS Las Vegas Station.

Commuters can also catch the free Las Vegas shuttle from the monorail’s routes, which further help save commuters more time and money. They also have access to the free shuttle services departing from locations along the Monorail route: Rio Las Vegas Shuttle; Bally’s/Paris Station; Sams Town Shuttle; Palms Shuttle; and Orleans/Gold Coast Shuttle.

Additional shuttle options are not directly connected to the Monorail, but they are mostly about 10-15 minute walk from the closest Monorail station: M Resort Spa and Casino; Palace Station; Green Valley Ranch; and Southpoint Hotel.

For more detailed information about the Monorail stations and free shuttles, check out: Las Vegas Monorail Guide: Nearby Hotels and Attractions

Accessibility

The monorail system is completely ADA compliant with convenient access to wheelchairs, walkers, mobility scooters, and motorized scooters. All stations have accessible elevator services to all levels. Properly harnessed and trained service animals accompanying persons with disabilities are also permitted in the trains. Every child under five years of age always gets a free ride.

Ticket Validity

Monorail tickets are valid for one year from the date of printing. This information is shown at the ticket’s upper right corner. The unlimited passes should be used within a one-month period. Once the pass is used, it will expire in either 24 hours or 72 hours. To serve as guide to pass holders, every used ticket shall be stamped with an expiration date and time upon first use.

Monorail Schedule

The Las Vegas Monorail is open every Mondays from 7 a.m. to 12 m.n., Tuesdays to Thursdays from 7 a.m. to 2 a.m., and Friday to Sunday from 7 a.m. to 3 a.m.

The Customer Service Ticketing Office operates daily from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the following locations: MGM Grand Station, both The Underground (Formerly Star Lane) and The District Entrances; Bally’s/Paris Las Vegas Station; Flamingo/Caesar’s Palace Station; Harrah’s/The Linq Station; Westgate Las Vegas Station; and SLS Las Vegas Station.

More Las Vegas Monorail Information

The Las Vegas Monorail is an ideal option in specific occasions such as the New Year’s Eve celebration when the Strip is generally not very accessible to motorists, as well as popular conventions like The NAB (National Association of Broadcasters) Show and CES (Consumer Electronics Show), which attracts visitors from different parts of the world.

More Las Vegas Monorail information is available at its official website. Travelers are encouraged to tag @LVMonorail for their posts about their Las Vegas Monorail experiences.

Las Vegas Monorail Information: The affordable transportation around the Strip
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Boracay, top sailing destinations around the globe

It is quite a challenge to rank the best sailing destinations of the world. In fact, there are just too many tropical delights from the Americas to the Far East to fulfill every sailing enthusiast’s notion of a dream paradise.

Top Sailing Destinations Around the Globe

For the sake of a variety, this diverse list sums up some of the top sailing destinations around the globe through these sub-categories: Caribbean, Far East, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, North America, and South Pacific.

Caribbean

Abacos, Bahamas

Sailing to the Caribbean paradise of Abacos in the Bahamas offers excellent fishing areas, beautiful coral reefs, museums, beach bars, and restaurants. One of the best spots in the area is the secluded, well-protected anchorage at Little Harbour. It provides a relaxing site of the sunset, spectacular views of the Atlantic, plentiful marinas, and quaint villages and towns. A popular cruising ground is the Green Turtle Cay. It features eclectic shops and restaurants and a number of historical sites and museums. Patrons of visual arts like painting, photography, and sculpture can find solace at art-savvy places like the Albert Lowe Museum and the Memorial Sculpture Garden.

Tortola, British Virgin Islands

The island of Tortola in the British Virgin Islands attracts many tourists with its powdery white sand beaches, lush green mountains, and sheltered yacht-filled harbor. With fair winds and sheltered waters of minimal tidal currents, it offers a variety of exciting possibilities with short hops to new destinations often in a few hours or less. This natural beauty features majestic stone formations, intriguing flooded caves, and captivating coral reefs. The beaches make for excellent swimming, snorkeling, fishing, and scuba diving. It has plenty of attractions ashore including beachside bars, luxury resorts, and tourist shops like those in the Main Street in the capital city of Road Town. The area showcases many local spices, jams, rums, soaps, silk-screened fabrics, handcrafted jewelry, and local art.

Far East

Boracay Island, Aklan, Philippines

The tropical island of Boracay is famous for its rare gleaming white puka shells which is said to be the best in the world. Sailing through this Southeast Asian beach paradise in the Pearl of the Orient, the Philippines, leads to beautiful sites of charming island villages, coral lagoons, powder white sands, and azure blue waters where people indulge in scuba diving, snorkeling, windsurfing, kiteboarding, and beach relaxation. Boracay is also the site of a world-class 18-hole par 72 golf course and home to about 400 beach resorts. The Caves of the Flying Dogs of Yapak and the Bat Caves are worth checking out. Indigenous percussions usually serenade tourists while watching the famous Boracay sunset and enjoying the tropical food in selected bars and resorts.

Phuket, Thailand

The shimmering turquoise seas of Phuket promotes that exotic appeal, especially to those seeking for adventure in a tropical spot a world away from the hustle and bustle of fast-paced life. This natural sailing destination is filled with exotic flora and fauna, hidden bays and coves and towering pinnacles of limestones within the sheltered waters of Phang-nga Bay. It is nestled in the heart of Southeast Asia and is often called the Land of Smiles. Sailing to Phuket allows you to visit marine parks filled with tropical birds and abundant sea life. As Thailand’s premier resort island, savoring the local cuisine is also a delightful aspect of a Phuket vacation.

Indian Ocean

Mahe, Seychelles

The gorgeous tropical scenery in Mahe, Seychelles offers balmy and relatively calm waters from the Indian Ocean. This exotic group of granite islands about a thousand miles from the East African coast is popular for its abundant wildlife, pristine white beaches, and lush forested mountains. Sailing here offers island hopping opportunities and enjoyable sights of beautiful coves, majestic palms, and marine sanctuaries. Victoria, the capital of Seychelles, is a vibrant little city that provides beautiful offshore experiences like the aerial sightseeing from La Digue Island, the St. Anne Marine National Park, and The Bird Sanctuary of Cousin Island.

Mediterranean

Palermo, Sicily, Italy

Sailing through this Mediterranean paradise offers a diversity of coastlines and cultures that feature world-famous beaches, quiet fishing villages, and secluded anchorages. Swimming and snorkeling at scenic bays that are filled with local fishing craft and picturesque towns showcase many structures that embrace a variety of ancient cultures including the Byzantine, Norman, Arabic, and Sicilian. For scuba enthusiasts, Ustica is a must-visit spot. A key diving site here is the Punta Gavazzi, a place where divers can swim among anchors from ancient Roman ships and other nautical artifacts.

Athens, Greece

Sailing to Athens via the Saronic Gulf means an opportunity to explore many laid-back beach destinations and historic sites. Athens has a beautiful Mediterranean cruising ground with coast and islands cradling towns of ancient roots. Castles, fortresses, monasteries, temples, and churches perch on hilltops while the city grounds adjust themselves as vibrant, cosmopolitan areas filled with intimate cafes, tavernas, and nightclubs. The Saronic Gulf offers protected and scenic coastal cruising, while the Aegean Sea features spirited open-water passages for yachts. A site of the sunset by the Attica Peninsula leads a fine gaze of the ghostly white marble columns of ancient Greece’s sacred structure the Temple of Poseidon.

North America

Baja, Mexico

Baja, Mexico is a top North American sailing destination known for its soaring red cliffs, secluded anchorages, rare species of animals, and stunning beaches with mountainous backdrops. Isla San Jose has an interesting exotic desert landscape with towering species of cacti, including some of the largest in the world. The city of La Paz has a scenic boardwalk that runs along the edge of the harbor. It features historic grand hotels, bars, shops, art galleries, and the Juarez Theater. The Isla Espiritu Santo showcases hundreds of golden-colored sea lions on shore. It is possible to swim wih these sea lions. Sailing through the island called Los Islotes situated at the Sea of Cortez leads to world-class snorkeling and scuba diving sites.

Tonga, Tonga

Situated in the South Pacific Ocean between Tahiti and Fiji is the Kingdom of Tonga. Its nearly countless islands fringed with coral reefs, picturesque anchorages, and white sand beaches are its chief attractions. The exotic cruising grounds are made up of miles of white sand beaches, diverse coral reefs, and crystal clear waters that make it one of the world’s top snorkeling and scuba diving destination. Tonga is also famous for the sights of humpback whales, especially in the outer islands. The Tongan feast is another trademark of this Polynesian paradise. It boasts of various delicacies including tropical fruits and vegetables, lobsters, crabs, chicken, fish, and octopus.

South Pacific

Bay of Islands, New Zealand

The Bay of Islands is known as one of the most spectacular cruising grounds in the world. This South Pacific sailing destination is a 50-mile stretch of coastline sheltering more than 80 scenic islands with a great variety of wildlife. It features dolphins, blue penguins, North Island robins, snapper, kingfish, and other marine and land animals that are visible both in and out of its pristine white sand beaches. The Cavalli Islands situated around two miles from Matauri Bay features a nature reserve filled with exotic birds. The Westhaven Marina complex, the central sailing hub, is near walking trails where travelers can enjoy stunning sea views and explore the laid back resorts, restaurants, and historic sites in this New Zealand paradise.

“Destination and Activities.” 7107 Islands Cruise.
“Caribbean Destinations.” The Moorings.

Top Sailing Destinations Around the Globe
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